Skincare Angels Blog

5 Tips To Protect Your Skin This Summer

This week we're celebrating Skincare Awareness Week and want to help raise awareness of the importance of protecting your skin from the sun's damaging UVA, UVB and UV rays. Follow this 5-step guide to ensure you protect your skin this summer (and all year round!). 

Make sure you have a good protection against UVB 

Sunscreens are labelled with an 'SPF' (Sun Protection Factor) and measures the Sunburn Protection Factor the cream will give you against hamrful UVB. Ultra Violet B rays that penetrate the upper layers of the skin known as the epidermis and cause the skin to burn. SPF's are rated from 6-50+ based on the level of protection they give against sunburn, ratings between 6 - 14 give the least protection and ratings of 30-50+ give the most protection against UVB. We highly recommend a daily sunscreen containing a minimum of SFP30 as a satisfactory level of protection but ideally an SPF50+ will be sure to give you the best protection available and the least risk of sunburn. 

Make sure you have a good protection against UVA

When you buy a suncreen in the UK you will see it also has a UVA star rating. The stars range from 0 to 5 and indicate the percentage of UVA radiation absorbed by the sunscreen in comparison to UVB (the ratio between UVA and UVB protection). Ultra Violet A rays penetrate deeper through the skins surface layer (epidermis) into the lower layers of skin known as the dermis, this can result in premature aging of the skin, lines, wrinkles and uneven skin tone, as opposed to sunburn. It is important to choose a high star rating (ideally 5) as well as a high SPF and these are often referred to as Broad-Spectrum sunscreens. If you pick a low SPF such as SPF10 it may still have a high level of stars, this doesnt mean its providing lots of UVA protection but just indicates that the ratio between the UVA and UVB protection is about the same. A sunscreen with an SPF30+ and a rating of 4 or 5 stars is generally considered a good standard of sun protection. 

Know the difference between Physical and Chemical sunscreens

There are two types of sunscreen Chemical and Physical. Chemical sunscreens absorb into the skin and turn the UV energy into heat energy and are suitble for most skins. Physical sunscreens are mineral based and bounce light off the skin surface due to their reflective quality, these are great for sensitive skins. If you're unsure which type you're looking at just ask your healthcare professional who will be able to advise.

Look to include Antioxidants

Increasing your intake of Vitamin C and Vitamin E can also help increase your sun protection. Look out for SPF's that are packed with antioxidants to get the maximum UV defense. Research has found that antioxidants such as berries can be as important as sunscreens when helping the skin defend itself from ageing, free-radicals and damaging UV light. 

Don't be fooled by clouds

UVA rays account for upto 95% of UV radiation reaching the Earth's surface. They are present during all daylight hours, all year round, and can penetrate clouds and glass. So even on gloomy, grey and cloudy days your skin still needs protection from damaging UV rays! UV rays pass through glass quite easily so you should wear an SPF daily to protect your skin when travelling in a car, skin scanners show dramatic differences in sun damage between the side of the face on the drivers window side and the other that is in the shade from driving over years - just look at the image of a lorry driver below and the difference on one side of his face. 

Make sure you top-up!

Most people dont apply enough sunscreen. Areas such as back, ears, sides of neck and temples are commonly missed when applying sunscreen so make sure you use it generously and dont miss patches. To be sure you are using enough always read the instuctions on the packaging or if it doubt 'more is better!'. Make sure you re-apply every few hours if you are sat in direct sunlight. A dab of makeup that includes an SPF wont give you the coverage and protection you need, play it safe and use an SPF30 with a 5 star rating daily on your face. 

So there you have it, dont be caught out this summer. Understand the importance of sun protection and be #SkincareAware! 

 

 

To find out more, please book a Consultation or call 0800 24 25 145 for more details.

Written by Skin Health Spa, on 13/05/2015

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