Skincare Angels Blog

The Problem With Hyperpigmentation

Sun damage, hormones, inflammation - the causes of hyper-pigmentation are almost as numerous as the treatments on offer to correct it. Recent reports show that pigmentation treatments account for around 10-15% of all clinic treatments, so how to we go about dealing with this common aesthetic concern. 

Hyperpigmentation - or hyperpigmentation disorders - are caused by overproduction of melanin by the pigment cells, called melanocytes (broadly referred to as 'melasma'). This is associated with hormonal changes (including pregnancy), certain medications and sun exposure. Additionally, increased pigment in the skin can be caused by post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, such as that left by acne, scars, psoriasis and previous aesthetic treatments. 

Exposure to sunlight triggers melanin production in order to protect the skin from harmful UV rays so excessive sun exposure can result in increased melanin production, which leads to pigmentation. According to research patients presenting with UV-induced hyperpigmentation tend to be in their 40's and 50's, having spent many years tanning, and likely much of that time ill-informed about the risks associated with sun exposure and sunbeds. Patients seeking treatment for hyperpigmentation more generally range in age from early 30's to late 50's. Pigmentation can vary in severity, for example the extent of coverage on the four areas of the face (forehead, left cheek, right cheek and chin) and the darkness of the hyperpigmentation.

Many of our clients are concerned specifically about premature ageing, focusing on the appearance of lines and wrinkles rather than any uneven pigment in the skin. We always advise that the condition of your skin (texture, uneven skin tone, pore size etc) are just as important when looking to treat premature ageing as lines and wrinkles, age and sun spots are just as much of a tell-tale sign of ageing as wrinkles are.

The good news is that due to advances in technology nowadays we are in a position to be able to treat hyperpigmentation. Treatment falls into 3 main areas: creams and products, laser treatment and skin peel treatment. A combination of topical therapy comprising of hydraquinone, tretinion (prescription only) and a corticosteroid have been found to be very successful in treating melasma. We would encourage the use of home use products alongside in clinic treatment to get the best results possible.

Chemical peels in various formulations such as Glycolic, Salicylic and Lactic acids are often used as in-clinic treatment in combination with longer-term topical creams that clients use at home. They allow us to strip layers of skin that are effected with hyperpigmentation to reveal an even skintone underneath.

Lasers are commonly used to treat clients with prematurely aged and sun-damaged skin. Melanocytes grow like branches under the skin, which appear as freckles or pigmentation on the skin, so the source of the problem is not always directly beneath the area of pigmentation - it may have spread to 5-6cm further out under the skins surface. For this reason we treat the whole area (i.e. full face, decolletage or hands), rather than just pigmented spots. Lasers have been at the forefront of removing skin pigment for several years to target hyperpigmentation. They are successful in picking up darker pigments in the skin and breaking them down for the body to dispose of, similarly to how Laser hair removal works in breaking down the hair folicle as it is darker than the skin colour. We use a number of Lasers at Skin Health Spa to tackle pigmentation including: Cynosure Emerge Fractional Lasers, The Clear + Brilliant Laser, IPL lasers and Cynosure Elite Lasers. 

Whatever the cause of hyperpigmentation, exposure to UV radiation generally worsens the condition. Consequently we recommend our clients take extreme care with sun exposure and wear a high rating daily SPF (30+ with 5 star UV rating). This should be applied liberally throughout the year in all weather. We advise against the use of sunbeds and sun exposure and recommend a high SPF that covers both UVA and UVB, along with a hat and dark glasses, and covering up in the sun. 

Technologies are improving all the time and along with our greater understanding of the mechanisms that cause melasma there is no longer a need to cover pigmentation with makeup. Book a free consultation with one of our skin experts at your nearest Skin Health Spa clinic on 0800 24 25 145 to find out what treatments will help to treat your pigmentation so you can dare to go bare with confidence. 

 

To find out more, please book a Consultation or call 0800 24 25 145 for more details.

Written by Skin Health Spa, on 30/07/2015

Recent Posts

Detox Myths and Truths
17/01/2017. Read now

COMCIT Facial OK Magazine Feature
04/01/2017. Read now

Cryolipoylsis Fat Freeze Treatment Review By The Quick Red Fox
21/12/2016. Read now

Blogger review on our oxygen facial!
14/12/2016. Read now

Jamie Cullen Reviews our signature Ultimate Facial Treatment
12/12/2016. Read now

Scar treatments
07/12/2016. Read now

Our 12 tips of Christmas!
30/11/2016. Read now

Christmas Gift Guide 2016
23/11/2016. Read now

Tis the season, your party preparation secrets!
23/11/2016. Read now

NEW Cristal Cryolipolysis Fat Freezing Treatment
02/11/2016. Read now

Our Top 7 Halloween Skin Tricks And Treats
20/10/2016. Read now

Is your sleep position contributing to your wrinkles?
28/09/2016. Read now

NEW Mesopeel Chemical Skin Renewal Treatments
14/09/2016. Read now

Skincare Through The Years
12/07/2016. Read now

Skin and Tonic
27/06/2016. Read now

PRP Therapy for Thinning Hair
09/06/2016. Read now

If skin could speak
06/05/2016. Read now

What is Vampire Therapy?
21/04/2016. Read now

A Guide to Facial Fillers
01/04/2016. Read now

Easter Treats That Boost Skin
21/03/2016. Read now

Go Green With Our Top Skin Foods This Paddys Day
17/03/2016. Read now

Understanding Skin Peels
15/02/2016. Read now

New Year Skin Resolutions
05/01/2016. Read now

New Evolutionary MicroNeedling Therapy
14/12/2015. Read now

The Cryo Oxygen Facial Has Arrived
19/11/2015. Read now

Our Guide to Skincare While Flying
10/11/2015. Read now

Whats Fact and Whats Fiction When It Comes To Botox
23/10/2015. Read now

Changing The Face Of Ageing With Botanical Stem Cells
12/10/2015. Read now

Introducing Aqualyx Fat Dissolving Injections
29/09/2015. Read now

Facial Treatment Preferences
22/09/2015. Read now

Transitional Skincare Heading Into Autumn
03/09/2015. Read now

Eye Openers To Put The Sparkle Back
19/08/2015. Read now

The Problem With Hyperpigmentation
30/07/2015. Read now

Mesotherapy for Facial Skin Hydration
23/07/2015. Read now

The Importance of Skin Texture
14/07/2015. Read now

The Right Frequency
01/07/2015. Read now

Treating Scars
22/06/2015. Read now

Post Beard Skin Recovery
18/06/2015. Read now

10k Skin Health Giveaway
17/06/2015. Read now

Semi Permanent Makeup Now Available
15/06/2015. Read now

Survey Shows Brits Are Failing To Protect Skin From Cancer
10/06/2015. Read now

The Benefits of Using Acids in Skincare
01/06/2015. Read now

Wedding Season Is Here
27/05/2015. Read now

5 Tips To Protect Your Skin This Summer
13/05/2015. Read now

The Impact Of Pollution On Your Skin
06/05/2015. Read now

Emerge Laser Treatment Review by The Sentinel
18/03/2015. Read now

Freckle Face Love or Loathe?
17/03/2015. Read now

Pumpkin Peel Review by Chic Muslimah
16/03/2015. Read now

Mothers Day Gift Ideas
09/03/2015. Read now

Laser Hair Removal vs. IPL What Is The Difference?
04/03/2015. Read now

Tour Of The Juvederm Factory
24/02/2015. Read now

Flint + Flint Swag Bag
20/02/2015. Read now

Treatment Spotlight: Emerge Laser for Stretch Marks
19/01/2015. Read now

What Are Skin Boosters?
02/01/2015. Read now

Laser Hair Removal Case Study
16/12/2014. Read now

Acne Scarring Case Study
09/12/2014. Read now

Stuck For Gift Ideas This Christmas....
03/12/2014. Read now

New Flint plus Flint Candle and Review By Erin Bells
02/12/2014. Read now

Christmas Has Come To Skin Health Spa
24/11/2014. Read now

Treatment Spotlight The Micropeel
14/11/2014. Read now

A Case Study Of Acne Treatment
07/11/2014. Read now

Skin Tips For The Upcoming Party Season
23/10/2014. Read now

Stoptober Healthier Looking Skin In No Time
14/10/2014. Read now

Preparing Your Skin For Autumn
30/09/2014. Read now

Antioxidant Power
11/09/2014. Read now

A Case Study of Sun Damaged Skin
21/08/2014. Read now

Product Spotlight Eye Hero
28/07/2014. Read now

Dispelling Skin Myths
21/07/2014. Read now

Tales Of Timler Reviews Our Louie Facial
09/07/2014. Read now

Flint Plus Flint Skincare Lands At SHS Clinics
23/06/2014. Read now

Manchesters Finest Review Our Refinery Facial
13/06/2014. Read now

Skin Supplements Whats it all about?
21/05/2014. Read now

Your Essential Countdown To Summer
15/05/2014. Read now

EMERALD STREET REVIEW
01/05/2014. Read now

Colonic Hydrotherapy Now Available
29/04/2014. Read now

NEW Treatment Alert! Agera The No Prep Peel
15/04/2014. Read now

Our Hollywood Effect Facial Features in Grazia
01/04/2014. Read now

Treatment Spotlight: Juvederm Hydrate
27/03/2014. Read now

Product Spotlight: EyeBrite Serum
18/03/2014. Read now

NEW Treatment Alert Dermafrac
10/03/2014. Read now

NEW Six Steps To Skin Health Treatment Card
07/03/2014. Read now

JuiceToU Skin Detox Review
18/02/2014. Read now

Spotlight Treatment Aromatherapy Massage
06/02/2014. Read now

What A Year
08/01/2014. Read now

Christmas Shop
10/12/2013. Read now

New Men Only Treatment Card
18/11/2013. Read now

New Treatment Alert MangoBrite Peel
24/09/2013. Read now

Spotlight Treatment Sculptra
14/08/2013. Read now

An Evening Of Indulgence For St Lukes Hospice
12/08/2013. Read now

Its Back The 50% Off Sale
06/08/2013. Read now

Dorridge Make Over Complete
25/07/2013. Read now

New Lustre Pure Light Pro
12/07/2013. Read now

Skincare rewards
10/07/2013. Read now

The Importance Of Sun Protection
17/06/2013. Read now

Midlands Super Clinic
13/06/2013. Read now

Midlands Super Clinic
13/06/2013. Read now

Danielle Lloyds Baby Shower
15/05/2013. Read now

Makeover Treat For Celebrity Mum
22/04/2013. Read now

Spotlight Treatment Clear & Brilliant Laser
09/04/2013. Read now

Rebecca Moss Treatment Review
25/03/2013. Read now

First Round Of Sweepstakes Winners
25/03/2013. Read now

New Flagship Manchester Clinic Now Open
06/03/2013. Read now

Makeup Bag Essentials Youngblood Mineral Cosmetics
26/02/2013. Read now

Professional Beauty Awards 2013 Winner
26/02/2013. Read now

Diary Of A Laser Hair Removal Course Treatment 1
01/02/2013. Read now

The Refinery Mens Grooming Collection
30/01/2013. Read now

Xen Tan Dark Lotion Review
02/11/2012. Read now

October Hot Offers
20/10/2012. Read now

Chemical & Physical Exfoliation: What's The Differ
16/10/2012. Read now

Weird & Wonderful Beauty Treatments
08/10/2012. Read now

Moroccan Oil REVIEW
17/09/2012. Read now

Nail Art Inspiration
17/09/2012. Read now

Spotlight Treatment: Transderm
17/09/2012. Read now

London Fashion Week Beauty Trend
17/09/2012. Read now

The Low Down On Laser Hair Removal
17/09/2012. Read now

Essie
14/09/2012. Read now

The Ultimate Facial REVIEW
14/09/2012. Read now

Emma Watson
12/09/2012. Read now

Spotlight Treatment: Skin Rejuvenation
10/09/2012. Read now

The Importance Of Double Cleansing
04/09/2012. Read now

Spotlight Treatment: Ultimate Facial
04/09/2012. Read now

We Love Beauty Bloggers!
31/08/2012. Read now

DIY Beauty: Chocolate and Vanilla Bath Melts
29/08/2012. Read now

Spotlight Treatment: Enzyme Facial
24/08/2012. Read now

Sleeping Beauty: Do You Get Enough Beauty Sleep?
21/08/2012. Read now

Youngblood Cosmetics: Now Available At Skin Health
19/08/2012. Read now

Beauty Crush: We want Millies gorgeous glow!
15/08/2012. Read now

Welcome
12/08/2012. Read now