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The Importance of Skin Texture

29/07/2015

The Oxford English dictionary defines texture as 'the feel, appearance or consistency of a surface or substance'. Is it dry, rough, smooth, grainy, irregular? Does it reflect light evenly? 

There are many factors involved in the perception of skin ageing; these include spots, uneven pigmentation, wrinkles, loss of volume, pore size, erythema and texture. Skin texture is hugely important in skin ageing and in fact, in one skin study, visable skin firmness and texture was found to be the first skin parameter to decline with age, occuring in participants' 20's, whereas pigmentation and wrinkles appeared in the 30's and 40's. 

So if we want to prevent the earliest signs of ageing, we must focus on skin texture first. Historically the focus has always been on preventing lines and wrinkles through botox and fillers and these treatments do produce instant wow factor but we also need to focus on the overall skin texture to achieve younger, healtier, 'no-makeup' looking skin. 

Skin resurfacing and rejuvenation techniques have experienced significant advances in the last few decades and new devices such as the Emerge Fractional Laser or the Clear + Brilliant Laser are constantly being introduced. These new machines provide both preventative and corrective products, which are proven to improve skin texture. 

Healthy skin texture should be smooth, evenly pigmentated, well hydrated and overlaying a well supported dermis. Unfortunately there is no quick fix to achieveing optimal skin texture, we must be commited to an ongoing skincare regime tailored to our individual skin needs. 

Two factors that have been shown to have the greatest impact on skin texture over time are the use of sun protection and the avoidance of smoking. Achieving good skin texture starts with a good skincare regime and diet, UV damage is the single biggest factor so wearing a daily SPF is essential. 

Regular cleansing and exfoliation with fruit enzymes, alpha- or beta- hydroxy acids such as Glycolic Acid will help to increase the turnover of new cells and keep the skin looking luminous. A well-hydrated skin ages more slowly. The regular use of moisturisers containing hyaluronic acid, glycerine and other compounds which help to retain water in the dermis and reduce trans-epidermal water loss is essential to good skin texture. 

Once you have a good home skincare regime sorted more targeted treatments can be introduced. Skin peels, wrinkle relaxing injections, fillers, dermarolling, skin tightening devices and laser treatments will all influence the skin texture. Unless skin texture is specifically addressed, you will not get the best outcome from any treatment and skin can still tend to look aged. Specific treatments could include fractional laser such as Emerge which can work to refine pores and improve skin texture, Dermarolling is another widely used rejuvenating treatment which improves skin surface, and a series of chemical peels using Salicylic or Glycolic acid will also enhance tone. 

In summary, we show changes in skin texture a lot earlier than lines, wrinkles and pigmentation so we must target it early. A good everyday skincare regime, with regular specific treatments, is the basis of achieveing a healthy texture in all skin types. 

To book your free consultation to skin treatments for improving skin texture contact your nearest clinic on 0800 24 25 145.