Skin Types And The Sun
In 1975 Dr. Thomas Fitzpatrick developed a way to evalutate a persons response to UV exposure in terms of the degree of burning and tanning! (hence the name).
This system became known as the fitzpatrick scale and since has been widely used my Doctors, nurses and practioners to help determine the best and strength of certain treatments like laser and chemical peels.
The Fitzpatrick Scale
The fitzpatrick skin type system specifies six skin types. Starting from type 1 (skin that never tans and always burns) to type 6 (which always tans and never burns).
How Skin Types React To UV
Skin Types 1-4
Light and dark skins react differently to exposure. In lighter skins, signs of sun damage include wrinkling and sagging, thread veins and solar lentigines among many others. For those who are a skin type 1 with red hair they produce pheomelanin and that is largely ineffective in protecting the skin against UV rays, lighter skins are also more likely to show ageing before their darker skinned coutnerparts. Dark skinned paitents usually look more youthful for longer, they have inhrerent protection meaning aging is much more delayed then it would be for caucasians.
Skin Tyes 5-6
When it comes to darker skin types how the skin reacts to sun exposure is dictated by the amount of melanin. Those with skin type 6 mainly produce all eumelanin and that is very dark and highly effective at blocking UV rays and protecting the skin against UV damage. But it is a common mistake that clients with skin types 5/6 do not need sun protection. Whilst darker skin types have less issues with wrinkling and sagging they are prone to pigmentation, often seen as sun spots or melasma.
Pigmentation, described simply as 'colouring' can show itself differently depending on the skin type. All skin types can develop pigmentation, skin types 1-4 may start with 'cute' freckles but as they begin to age they enlarge and can age you viually. Darker skin types 5-6 pigmentation are usually seen after thinking they don't need sun protection in younger years but as they get older get 'dyschromia' where their skin is no longer that even brown/black tone and now have developed areas of light or dark patches.
Treatments At Skin Health Spa
At Skin Health Spa we have the WORLDS NUMBER 1 pigmentation Peel : Mesoesthetic Cosmelan Peel
The before and afters speak for themselves!
We also can treat pigmentation through melanostop peels or laser treatments (patch test required)
If interested please book in for a complimentary Skin Consultation at one of our clinics where our highly educated and professional aestheticians will answer any questions you may have and give in depth information on the treatment.
Protecting at an early age is really important! Yes we all know the risks of skin cancer but also think 'do you want to look good as you can for as long as you can?' then cover up, simple. A slow bake is better thena quick fry! You will tan with sun cream on, just take it easy and you will be golden in no time!. Its all about doing it sensibly, not to burn and do it without getting the pigmentation!
We hope you enjoyed our blog and would love your comments on what you would like to read about next!
To make a booking please call on 0800 2425145.
Skin Health Spa
Written by Stephanie
With thanks to Aesthetic monthly journal